What Happens If You Look at The Sun? (Damaging Effects of Solar Radiation)

what happens if you look at the sun

Of course, nothing can be more pleasant than the panoramic view of sunrise. However, the sun is at its best when it kisses the Earth while scattering thousands of colors. The beauty of sunset leaves you speechless. But this giant ball becomes fierce when it completes half of its journey on a sunny day. Yes, the glorious sun becomes unbearable to look at this peak time, 10 am to 4 pm. 

The dazzling rays of the sun bewildered you. You might start thinking:

What happens if you look at the sun? It can cause irreparable retinal damage if you look at the sun directly. Though eye lenses help to lessen the sensitivity by filtering the UV light but are unable to fully protect the delicate tissues behind your eyeballs. 

Looking at the sun without protection involves a lot of risks because this fireball is too bright to look at without causing eye damage. If you ever happened to look at the sun without sunglasses, you might get a blind spot in your eyes that could last for many weeks.

Let’s start with!

What Happens If You Look at The Sun For a Second

Nothing bad will happen if you look at the sun for a second or two. But the position of the sun, dazzling sunlight, and weather conditions, all play vital roles. Therefore you might get retinal damage if you look at the sun directly even for a few seconds.

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Multiple things are connected with the intensity of the solar damage. For instance, on a cloudy morning, you can look at the sun for a glance without causing any damage to your eyes.

What Happens If You Look at The Sun Through a Telescope

Is it safe to look at the sun through a telescope, camera, or binoculars?

No, it is not safe. You should not look at the sun through a telescope or any other optical device without installing special solar filters, front-mount glass, or films. The hazardous solar rays can damage your nerve cells causing serious retinal injuries or retinopathy. 

Never try to look or even peek at the sun through a telescope, binoculars, and cameras without suitable eye protection. Don’t even use DIY filters, always buy them from authentic astronomy stores.

what happens when you look at the sun

What Happens If You Look at The Sun in Space

The astronauts do not look at the sun because space is a vacuum and no air is present there. So, the radiation and glare of the sun are more dangerous for the eyes.

You can’t look at the sun while in space because the unfiltered ultraviolet rays will fry your retina at once. While on earth, most of the damaging glare of UV radiation is filtered before it comes to the earth by our atmosphere.

Looking at the sun in space can over-activate the light-sensing cells causing permanent damage to the retinal tissues.

What Happens If You Look at The Sun During a Solar Eclipse

The sun releases dangerous radiation during a solar eclipse. Proper eye protection and solar eclipse filters are inevitable while looking at the sun.

Never look directly at the sun during a partial solar eclipse because the flash of UV light will damage your cornea and eye vision too. Certified solar eclipse filters must be used to watch the sun otherwise you will go blind or burn your optic nerves.

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In a total solar eclipse, the moon glides across the sun and completely blocks it. So, you can look at this spectacular scene directly but this lasts only for a few seconds. Therefore, solar protection is essential to protect your eyes from any potential eye damage.

What Happens If You Accidentally Look at The Sun

Looking at the sun during its peak hours when the sun is pretty hot is quite damaging.

It’s not very harmful if you look at the sun accidentally for 2 to 3 seconds only. But no need to look at the sun without sunglasses as the dazzling sunlight will burn your eyes just like the flash of a welding arc.

In some conditions, even a glance can cause UV light to flood your retina resulting in short-term retinal damage.

What To Do If You Look at The Sun

Looking at the sun is hazardous to your eyes but the damaging effects of the sun heighten manifold with change in the position of the sun, especially from 10 am to 4 pm, and in summer. 

However, you can counter-effect the solar damage by following these tips:

  • Never look at the sun without sunglasses.
  • Always wear good quality solar filters while watching a solar eclipse.
  • Don’t try to stare at the sun or look at the sun directly even for a few seconds.
  • The sun glare is the most damaging during the peak hours from 10 am to 4-5 pm. So, keep well protected to avoid sun damage.

The sun is too bright in deserts and tropical regions. Be more careful while moving around in those regions.

What Happens If You Don’t See The Sun

The sun is the source of life on earth because the plants make their food in the presence of sunlight. There will be no plant if there is no sun. All animals that depend on plants for their food would die ultimately.

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The sunlight is not all damaging as it helps to regulate serotonin levels or Vitamin D in our bodies. The deficiency of Vitamin D can result in weak bones, depressive moods, lethargy, and fatigue.

However, the damaging effects of the sun can last for many months and years before they heal up.

Is it Dangerous To Look At The Sun

Is it dangerous to look at the sun directly?  Yes, looking at the sun directly is quite dangerous. While staring at the sun can burn your eyes resulting in corneal damage or permanent blindness. Dazzling solar rays can burn the soft tissues of your eyes causing solar keratitis. 

The sun seems calm and cool at the times when it’s rising or setting. But even then, you can’t look at the sun directly because the UV glare is very harmful to the eyes. It can develop an arc or blind spot in your eye that can last for many days.

Last Lines

Undoubtedly, looking at the sun directly is hazardous because the sun is too bright and emits dangerous ultraviolet rays all the time. The radiation of the sun becomes more damaging during a solar eclipse and in space too.

Finally, you must not look at the sun without sunglasses or solar filters even for a few seconds. The concentrated and bright glare of the sun can damage your retinal cells and eye vision too.

Always wear a hat and sunglasses, and apply sunblock on your exposed skin before going out in the sun. Proper solar protection is essential not only for your skin and hair but for your eyes also.

James Randolph

Hey, James is here with you. This blog is a powerful online resource to help you get instant answers to your superstitious beliefs, facts, and the reality of myths. Knowledge is your inner guidance system, and this blog empowers you to update, refine, reorganize and enhance your communication system. If you know well you can surely discuss facts with evidence. So, stay with us and be a master of what happens around you!

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